This summer, the Health Department wants you to stay safe and healthy. Know the signs and symptoms of heat illness and protect yourself from extreme heat. Anyone can suffer from heat illnesses, but some people are at higher risk, including the elderly, infants, and people with impaired mobility or chronic diseases. During heat waves, keep yourself safe and check on vulnerable friends and neighbors.
Heat StrokeHeat stroke is the most serious heat illness. It can occur when you are exposed to high temperatures for a long time, often when you are dehydrated. Symptoms of heat stroke include a fever (105° F or higher); hot, dry, red spotted skin; confusion; loss of consciousness; and convulsions. Heat stroke is a medical emergency. If you or someone you know experiences any of these symptoms, call 911 immediately for medical help.
Heat ExhaustionHeat exhaustion occurs when the body loses too much fluid. Symptoms include dizziness, weakness, fatigue, headache, and nausea. If heat exhaustion is not treated, it can lead to heat stroke, so if you or someone you know experiences these symptoms, call 911 for medical attention. Do not give salt tablets to someone who has these symptoms, because they could cause harm.
Preventing Heat IllnessesYou can take steps to prevent heat-related illnesses: