Lead Poisoning Prevention

Lead Poisoning Prevention in Housing

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Lead Billboard 2019

The US Enivornmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) provide this information sheet outlining considerations for property owners, landlords, renters, home buyers, and home sellers. 

If you are a property owner and landlord, programs may be available to help you keep your property safe and in compliance. For more information, contact the CT Department of Public Health representative for our region

The Health Department's Role

The Norwalk Health Department conducts lead poisoning prevention and control efforts through its Housing Program. The Housing Section uses trained and certified staff to conduct epidemiological investigations and lead inspections.

All health care providers in Connecticut are required to conduct universal blood lead testing annually in children younger than 3 years old. Typically, most providers test at 12 months and 24 months of age during well-child visits. If children were not previously tested, providers will test children between 3 and 6 years old, regardless of risk. Providers also test those children older than 6 years old if they have developmental delays (especially if associated with pica).

Once the Health Department receives notification of a child with an elevated blood lead level (5 mcg/dL [micrograms per deciliter] or more), staff will send the parents/guardians an informational packet along with a letter explaining retesting requirements.

If a child has a confirmed blood lead level of 20 mcg/dL or more OR two confirmed blood lead levels between 15-19 mcg/dL taken 90 days apart, the Health Department will conduct an epidemiological investigation and paint sampling from all deteriorated and/or accessible surfaces in a home. These samples are then submitted to the Connecticut Department of Public Health for laboratory analysis.

As part of routine housing code inspections or as a result of a complaint investigation, the Health Department will also conduct lead inspections in homes where children younger than 6 years old reside. The Department also provides educational material about lead upon request.

It is important to remember that there is no safe blood lead level. The Lead Poisoning Prevention and Control Program’s primary focus is to reduce and eliminate childhood lead poisoning through primary prevention and the assistance of local health care providers.

Lead Poisoning Prevention in the Workplace

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Painter PSA Photo

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Painter PSA Photo Spanish

More Information about Lead

The Connecticut Department of Public Health’s Lead Poisoning Prevention and Control Program offers several helpful fact sheets, including those listed below. Additional fact sheets, as well as information in many other languages (e.g., Spanish, Chinese, French, Vietnamese, Polish, Bosnian, Farsi, Russian, Urdu, Arabic, Somali, Hindi, and Portuguese), can be found on its (Prevention Resources) page.

Resources For Kids

Consumer Products Recalls due to Lead Hazards

Please visit the Consumer Product Safety Commission and the US Food and Drug Administration’s Recalls, Market Withdrawals, & Safety Alert to review recall notices for products that have been recalled due to violation of lead paint standards.

Other Resources

CT Department of Public Health (CT DPH)

US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)